The History of Islam : Battle of Karbala And Significance of Muharram

Muharram is the first month of the Islamic Calendar. It is not only important as the first-month bt also important as it brings along great sorrow. All Muslims across the world mourn the great sacrifices that were made in the Battle of Karbala, to prevent the wrong and preserve true Islam till Qayamat, the Day of Judgment.

The first ten days of the month are days of mourning, remembering the martyrdom of Imam Hussain (as), efforts of Imam Hasan(as) and courage of Sayyeda Zainab (sa). Allah has called this “Zibhin Azeem” in Holy Quran, the “Momentous Sacrifice” by his people.

Battle of Karbala

Imam Ali (as) and Sayyeda Fatima Zahra (sa) had three children – Hasan (as), Hussain (as) and Zainab (sa). Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was their maternal grandfather and so, their great abilities, courage, and generosity have an evident source.

Imam, an Islamic leadership position is a title bestowed upon the worship leader of a mosque in the Muslim community. They have a larger role in social service and educating the community about righteousness.

Imam Ali was the 4th caliph in the Rashidun Caliphate (as Sunni Muslims believe), who was the son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad and had the great responsibility upon his shoulders.

He was attacked and assassinated by members of First Fitna who opposed approval as a means to choose a new ruler on the grounds that “judgment belongs to God alone”. Imam Ali dies two days later after being attacked on his head by a poisonous sword while praying in the Great Mosque of Kufa.

Great Mosque of Kufa

After his death, his son, Hasan (as) was appointed the next Caliph (Imam). Imam Hasan (as) signed a peace treaty with Abu Sufyan and relinquished control of Iraq, following a reign of seven months. But, he also had to face martyrdom as he was poisoned by his treacherous wife, under the influence of Islam’s opponents.

Yet again, the next Caliph (Imam) was to be appointed and Imam Hasan’s (as) brother, Hussain (as) was chosen to succeed him. Imam Hussain (as) saw a big challenge coming as Abu Sufyan violated the peace treaty and announced his son Yazid as his successor.

In the Battle of Karbala, Hazrat Hussain along with 72 peers, both family, and friends, saw martyrdom in the plains of Karbala after Yazid’s army committed a lot of atrocities on them. They were deprived of basic amenities and prohibited from drinking water as well.

10th Muharram, Ahura

It was 10th Muharram when the great devastation took place, marking the end of Battle of Karbala after 40 days. Sayyeda Zainab (sa) lot two of her sons in the same battle, besides her beloved brother. Yet, she stood firm and turned to the people of Islam, her Ummah, telling them to pray to Allah to accept this sacrifice from them.

She gave a stirring speech in the assembly of Yazid, that moved everyone and showed Yazid that Islam is not going to die any day sooner. 10th Muharram, known as Ashura is more important to learn that the establishment of Islam took great sacrifices and we must not let them go by.


Fasting on the day of Ashura is the best way to spend time in remembering the sacrifices. It fetches patience and knowledge.


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